The Ultimate Toyota 2UR-GSE Engine Manual. Toyota released the 2UR-GSE 5.0L V8 for the Lexus IS F in 2008. It’s still available in the Lexus RC F, LC 500, and IS 500-F-Sport models today. The 5.0-liter naturally aspirated V8 produces 416-475 horsepower. Solid figures for a NA engine from the mid-2000s. 2UR engines are also reliable, making it an excellent overall balance. This guide covers Toyota 2UR-GSE engine specs, problems, reliability, performance, and other topics.
What Vehicles Make Use of the Toyota 5.0 V8?
Lexus models that use the 2UR-GSE engine include:
- Lexus IS-F model years 2008-2014
- 2015-present Lexus RC F
- Lexus GS F model years 2015-2020
- 2017-present Lexus LC 500
- Lexus IS 500 F-Sport (from 2022 to the present)
The 2UR-FSE is another variant of the 5.0L V8. This engine is a detuned version of the 2UR-GSE, but it is powered by Lexus Hybrid Drive. This is not the primary focus of this article. However, some of the information we discuss is relevant. The following models use 2UR-FSE engines:
- Lexus LS 600h from 2007 to 2017.
- Toyota Century (from 2018 to the present)
- Toyota 2UR-GSE Engine Specifications
The following are some quick specs for the 2UR 5.0 V8:
The first few specifications are self-explanatory. The engines in the Toyota 2UR-GSE are 5.0L naturally aspirated V8s. For a good balance of performance and fuel efficiency, they combine port and direct injection (DI). It also aids in the prevention of carbon build-up, which is a common issue with many DI-only engines.
Any performance engine must have dual overhead camshafts. The Lexus IS-original F’s 2UR engines have an 11.8:1 compression ratio. Toyota increased the power-to-weight ratio in the RC-F and GS-F to 12.3:1. A larger bore allows for the installation of higher flowing valves, which helps to maintain power at the top of the power band.
In Lexus IS-F models, all of these specifications add up to 416 horsepower. The highest output level on the newer RC-F and GS-F models is 475hp and 395lb-ft. The redline varies between 6,800 and 7,300 RPMs depending on the model. Tuning older IS-F models to exceed the stock rev limit of 6,800 is common.
2UR Lexus Performance
We’ll conclude the performance discussion on a positive note. However, we must first express our displeasure with the 5.0 V8. It falls short of expectations. In the same era, BMW’s S65 4.0L V8 produced 414hp. This engine can reach an exhilarating 8,400 RPMs. We will admit that the M3 lacks torque, which the 2UR-GSE excels at. In any case, Ford’s 5.0 Coyote engine produces 480 horsepower.
What about Ford’s 5.2 Voodoo engine in the GT350? 3.0L turbo engines with over 500 horsepower? The point is, the Toyota 2UR’s performance engines alone leave a lot to be desired. There are dozens of engines that perform better at the same or lower cost.
However, the NA V8 is a dying breed. Most mid-range performance vehicles are adopting turbochargers. There are still a few NA V8s available, but the Lexus models may offer the best balance of performance, dependability, and luxury. The Toyota 2UR-GSE engine is an excellent addition to the vehicle. When it comes to engine specs and performance, we simply don’t like it.
Potential 2UR-GSE 5.0 V8 Upgrades
One shortcoming of the Lexus 5.0L V8 engines is a lack of aftermarket support. It took a long time to develop tunes, supercharger kits, and so on. For those looking to modify their Lexus IS-F, basic bolt-ons with nitrous are common. Songs were not even available until around 2015. On the IS-F, a tune, intake, exhaust, and headers offer 25-40whp gains. That’s not bad for a NA engine.
With a supercharger, the IS-F and RC-F models can produce 550-600whp. Some popular kits are available from RR Racing. However, with prices starting around $10,000, producing this kind of power is not cheap. There are better platforms available if you want to add boost.
Nonetheless, even with NA, the 2UR-GSE can deliver solid results. Big numbers will necessitate a large dose of nitrous oxide. The results of an IS-F with a few bolt-ons and nitrous, on the other hand, speak for themselves. A quarter mile time of 11.1 seconds at 132 mph is nothing to be ashamed of. The following was accomplished with no tune, a few bolt-ons, and a 200 shot of nitrous.
Engine Issues with the Toyota 2UR-GSE
Among the most common problems with the Toyota 2UR-GSE engine are:
- The Valley Plate
- Oil Spills
We’ll go over these Lexus 5.0 V8 issues in greater detail below. However, before proceeding, some notes must be added. For good reason, we’ve classified these as the most common problems. It does not imply that they are common in the true sense of the word. Instead, when problems do arise, these are some of the most common areas where they occur.
However, the 2UR-GSE really shines in terms of dependability. It’s unusual to have so little to talk about when it comes to engine problems and reliability on a high-performance engine. As a result, we’ll discuss a variety of topics. Anyway, we’ll return to the Toyota 2UR-GSE reliability discussion at the end of this article. For the time being, let’s jump right in and go over some of the most common 2UR engine issues.
1) Issues with the Lexus ISF Valley Plate Gasket
The coolant leaks from the 2UR-GSE valley plate come first. This issue is most prevalent in Lexus IS-F and LS models. We haven’t heard of any problems with the newer RC-F and GS-F models. However, it’s difficult to say whether the problem was resolved or if it’s simply less common now that they’re newer.
In any case, the valley plate gasket is known to leak coolant. It is located near the top of the engine, so coolant can get everywhere, including the intake manifold and head. Some believe the Lexus pink “super long-life coolant” is to blame for the problems. As a result, some people prefer to use Red Lexus coolant.
These problems are likely to appear in vehicles older than 8 years and 80,000 miles. In some cases, problems can and do arise sooner. However, because gaskets deteriorate with age and mileage, it is most likely on older 2UR-GSE engines. Also, make sure the water pump isn’t leaking, as this is another problem with the 5.0L V8.
Symptoms of the 2UR-GSE Valley Plate
The following are symptoms of a valley plate coolant leak on the Toyota 5.0 V8 engine:
- Visible dripping
- Coolant in the head or in the manifold
- Coolant depletion
A valley plate gasket leak on the Lexus 2UR-GSE engines is not always easy to detect. Leaks within the head and manifold can be contained without any visible coolant leaks. An inspection of these areas on a regular basis is not a bad idea. Otherwise, if you’re having to top off your coolant more frequently than usual, the valley plate is most likely to blame.
Replacement Valley Plate Gasket for Lexus IS-F
Because of the labor involved, replacing the valley plate gasket can be an expensive repair. Many Lexus dealerships will charge $1,500 or more for this job because the book hours are between 12 and 14 hours. Fortunately, the gasket is a cheap part, so the DIY crowd can make 2UR-GSE valley plates for very little money. If you need a repair shop, we recommend finding a reputable independent shop.
2) Oil Leaks in the 2UR-GSE 5.0 V8
Oil leaks aren’t a common issue on the Toyota 2UR-GSE, but there isn’t much else to talk about. Oil leaks are common in all engines, including the 5.0L V8. In many ways, it’s similar to the above valley plate leak. Gaskets, seals, and o-rings simply take a lot of abuse over time.
These parts eventually become brittle and crack, resulting in oil leaks. We believe that as early IS-F models age, oil leaks will become more common. Oil leaks are common in valve cover gaskets, oil pan gaskets, and main seals.
Most oil leaks occur north of 120,000 miles, and many 2UR-GSE engines go much further without leaking oil. Anyway, as more 5.0L V8 engines reach 10 years and 120,000 miles, oil leaks are likely to become more common. This is something that almost any engine experiences as it ages.
Symptoms of Lexus 5.0L V8 Oil Leak
Oil leak symptoms are typically straightforward. Look for the following symptoms to see if your Toyota 2UR-GSE is leaking oil:
- Visible dripping
- The odor of burning oil
- Engine compartment smoke
- Oil scarcity
Visible oil spots on the ground indicate that oil is probably leaking somewhere. However, not all oil spills result in oil reaching the ground. Valve cover gaskets are located near the top of the engine. It is not uncommon for these leaks to drip onto the block, headers, and other components. This causes the oil to burn off, which may produce burning oil smells or light smoke.
Finally, you may notice low engine oil, but this is an unlikely symptom. You’re more likely to notice the other symptoms first. Furthermore, the 2UR-GSE will burn some oil naturally, resulting in low oil consumption.
3) Miscellaneous Toyota 2UR-GSE Issues
So, that about sums up the most “common” issues with the Toyota 2UR-GSE engine. When it comes to performance engines, it’s unusual to have so few issues to discuss. However, there is more to say about the IS-F, GS-F, and RC-F models powered by 2UR. Let’s start with some general engine information.
This is by no means an exhaustive list of all the problems that can arise with the Lexus 5.0L V8. Failures and problems occur at random. There is nothing else that appears frequently enough to warrant a separate discussion. The point is, while the 2UR-GSE is a dependable engine, it is not without flaws.
Otherwise, we’re talking about Lexus performance models. Brakes are significantly more expensive than the average car. Because the engine consumes more than 9 quarts of oil, oil changes are more expensive. So on and so forth. It’s a fantastic engine, but performance cars and engines are a little more demanding in terms of routine maintenance.
5.0L 2UR-GSE Reliability
Is the Toyota 2UR-GSE engine trustworthy? Yes, we believe it receives above-average reliability ratings. This is especially true given that the 5.0L V8 is a powerful performance engine. Engines that push the limits of performance typically employ more technology. Owners are also more likely to rev up the engines. As a result, it’s usually not difficult to find a good chunk of common issues.
We previously mentioned the legendary BMW S65 engine. An engine with a history of rod bearing failures. The BMW S85 engine is the same way. We could go on and on about other engines. The point is, the Toyota 2UR-GSE distinguishes itself from most other performance engines in terms of dependability.
Of course, regular maintenance is essential for the Lexus 5.0L V8 engine to last a long time. As with any engine, perform all of the fundamentals. Use high-quality oils, change all fluids on schedule, and so on. The Toyota 2UR-GSE can provide an incredible balance of performance, reliability, and longevity with proper maintenance.
Summary of the Toyota 2UR-GSE Engine
Toyota introduced the 2UR-GSE 5.0L V8 engine in Lexus IS-F models in 2008. The engine was then used in a variety of other models, including the GS-F and RC-F. The engine produces 416-475 horsepower and 371-399 pound-feet of torque. Excellent performance for a NA engine of the time.
The 2UR engine, on the other hand, lacks the all-out performance of many modern performance engines. Most likely, it provides more than enough power and performance. There are, however, better engines and platforms available for maximum performance and aftermarket potential.
The Toyota 2UR-GSE excels in terms of dependability. The valley plate gasket, water pump, and oil leaks are all common problems. The valley plate gasket is the only flaw in the design, but it appears to affect early engines in the Lexus IS-F. Regardless, the 2UR-GSE 5.0L V8 provides an appealing combination of performance, dependability, and longevity. It’s also found in Lexus models, which adds a touch of luxury to the package.